Bill Hillman's 
EduTech Research Project
John Tyman's
INUIT ~ People of the Arctic
Back to Main Navigation Page
Part 1: Community Layout and Administration
For Full-Screen Images

1. Thom Bay, northeast of Taloyoak.
Till the nineteen fifties the peope here were nomadic,
moving in small family groups. 
In winter a large number traditionally gathered at Thom Bay, 
building snow houses along the shore beyond the Mission, 
where they enjoyed a co-operative lifestyle.
2. Thom Bay Mission today.
The people here traded at a store nearby, 
but this was closed when "the 'Bay" relocated to Spence Bay. 
Eventually the old settlement was abandoned 
and the mission was closed. 
However, much of the old community spirit survived..

3. Head of Spence Bay.
The new site was chosen by "the 'Bay" because it had a better harbour.
The old post had been difficult to service. 
The new store was built overlooking the bay, as you can see.
4. Spence Bay in December at mid-day.
The whole area was frozen over in winter, of course..


5. Shoreline in June.
But the ice melted in the spring, and the supply ship 
was able to get in during the late summer, 
unloading into warehouses and uncovered storage areas 
with the aid of lighters. 
6. Warehouses, store and nursing station.
A school was built at much the same time, 
and also a nursing station -- on the hill in the background. 
These provided a powerful attraction for people to settle..

7. New "subdivision".
Some of the best house sites are along the shore close to water 
-- and in winter, of course, close to the ice. 
Other houses, as here, were laid out on flat sites 
between the rocks and the coast, wherever the land was level enough
and there was enough gravel for the footings.
8. Mixed housing styles near town centre. 
The construction and allocation of housing 
was the responsibility of the Housing Association. 
In some instances relatives have been able to rent houses 
near each other: but the allocation system has resulted in groupings 
less functional than those which prevailed in the past..


9. Government buildings in Yellowknife. 
Taloyoak (still known as Spence Bay at the time of my visit)
lay within Canada's Northwest Territories. 
As such it was administered from Yellowknife.
Since 1999, however, it has been part of a separate Inuit territory
known as Nunavut, administered from Iqaluit (formerly Frobisher Bay).
10. Local wildlife officer.
The territorial Government maintained a number of offices in town, 
which provided services to the local comunity. 
The Renewable Resources department was responsible 
for the conservation of game in particular..

11. Diesel generator.
Electricity on the other hand came from a local generator 
operated by a local power company.
12. Hamlet offices.
Taloyoak was rated as a "hamlet" for administrative purposes 
and had its own council chamber, office and fire station. 
(With everything so dry indoors, house fires here soon get a hold.)

13. Meeting in progress.
The councillors were elected locally, 
and had responsibility for local affairs.


14. Meeting in Community Hall.
While Renewable Resources drafted the regulations, 
the day to day operation of hunting and trapping 
was supervised by a local Hunters and Trappers Association. 
The executive here are giving their annual report..

15. Names of nominees for office.
They too are elected: and at the AGM 
the list of nominations is scanned carefully by voting members.


I. Environment:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
II. Food Sources: 
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
III: Clothing/Shelter:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
IV. Family: 
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
V. Community:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

Text, photos and recordings by John Tyman
Intended for Educational Use Only.
Copyright Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford University, 2010.
Contact Dr. John Tyman for more information regarding licensing.

Photo processing, Web page layout, and formatting by
William Hillman | www.hillmanweb.com
Assistant Professor ~ Faculty of Education ~ Brandon University ~ Brandon, Manitoba ~ Canada