Bill Hillman's 
EduTech Research Project
John Tyman's
INUIT ~ People of the Arctic
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Part 4: Summer Shelters
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63. In the spring when the snow house collapsed, 
people switched to tents,
usually made of seal skin and held in place by stones.
(From stone cut of "Drying Fish" by the artist, Napachie; 
with permission)
64. Ancient stone rings mark the location of old camp sites on beach ridges 
well above the level of lakes today..


65. Most people here still spend the summer on the land, 
but under canvas not sealskin.
66. Because tent pegs cannot easily be banged into either ice or rock
(or frozen ground) the guy ropes are tied to large rocks..

 67. And rocks are still placed around the base of the tent
to hold it down (the poles having been shortened to provide a flap).
68. Because of the strength of the winds the poles are
sometimes pitched at an angle, pointing into the wind..

69. Inside, half the floor space is commonly used for sleeping, 
as in a snow house, and the rest for work.


70. To ease life on the land
(over which people travel in search of food for 3 or 4 months) 
equipment is brought from home 
-- including a radio so its owner can check her bingo card daily..

71. Life goes on under canvas much as it would in the house in town, 
with time to relax together as a family at 3.00am after fishing.
72. Bedding is a mixture of old and new items, 
with musk ox and caribou hides supplemented by rubber foam..

73. These are placed on a wooden mattress base brought from town. 
Because of the brightness of the midnight sun 
one can read in bed even at midnight.
74. Sadly, there is a move to replace moveable tents 
with permanent wooden shacks, 
for which the raw materials are moved out from town in winter
for erection in spring (kitchen cabinets included)..

Dr. John Tyman
I. Environment:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
II. Food Sources: 
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
III: Clothing/Shelter:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
IV. Family: 
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
V. Community:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

Text, photos and recordings by John Tyman
Intended for Educational Use Only.
Copyright Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford University, 2010.
Contact Dr. John Tyman for more information regarding licensing.

Photo processing, Web page layout, and formatting by
William Hillman | www.hillmanweb.com
Assistant Professor ~ Faculty of Education ~ Brandon University ~ Brandon, Manitoba ~ Canada