Bill Hillman's 
EduTech Research Project
John Tyman's
INUIT ~ People of the Arctic
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Part 6: Human Impact and Environmental Issues II 
The Land: Past, Present and Future
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86. Remains of earlier attempt to get rid of waste.
But the tins remain, and some of the plastics too.


87. Summer shelter under construction.
In addition plywood shacks have recently been built 
at popular camp sites (to replace tents) 
so that visual pollution is also an issue now..

88. Display of disposable nappies. 
And the most recent curse in this regard has been
the introduction of disposable nappies. 
These have been pushed in TV advertisments as
something no loving mother could ever do without, 
and as a result a whole new type of pollution
has sprung into existence.
89. Dirty nappies from previous summer.
Formerly the only evidence of a child's toilet stop
would have been a brown stain in the the snow and, perhaps,
a handful of dried moss: now camp sites are littered 
with dirty nappies which will remain for ever
unless something is done about them..

90. Fag-ends outside office in town.
Meanwhile in town "No Smoking" regulations in government offices
are reflected (as in Australia)
by piles of cigarette butts in adjacent lane ways.


91. Skin of seal killed for food. 
And the continuation of traditional forms of land use 
has also been undermined by clashes of values. 
The "Save the Seal" movement, which ostensibly aimed 
to protect baby harp seals
(killed by white commercial fishermen in Southern Canada) 
managed to stop all seal skin sales to Europe and America..

92. Seal skin being prepared for drying.
Previously the Inuit had been able, by selling the skins 
of some of the animals they killed for food, to pay for petrol 
and the new machines which had become 
a key feature of their lifestyle. 
With the total collapse of the market for seal skins
many men gave up hunting entirely. 
Those that continue to do so usually depend on welfare.
93. Part of town dump at Taloyoak. 
And the skins of the smaller number of animals
now killed for food are taken to the dump with the rest of the garbage
-- since store-bought fabrics 
have replaced animal skins for summer clothing.


94. Old inukshuk in traditional hunting area.
That the Inuit have lived here for thousands of years
is obvious from the things they left behind.
95. Old tent ring. 
Where they used tents the only thing that remained 
when they moved on was the ring of stones 
used to hold the tent in place..

96. Remains of old sod and rock house. 
At other times and in other places they used underground shelters, 
with a roof supported by rafters of whale bone. 
All that remains today is a hole in the ground and a pile of rocks.
97. Back yard in Taloyoak.
In contrast homes today are often surrounded by trash. 
This is most obvious in spring when the snow melts and exposes everything 
-- and the town council has to organize a clean-up campaign..

98. Traditional fishing site. 
Similarly, at traditional fishing places used for centuries 
everything left behind was once biodegradeable.
99. Part of shoreline in Taloyoak.
Today, though, the shoreline in town is littered with old machines..

100. Distant view of family fishing in spring.
The family in the distance are fishing through the ice in spring, 
much as their ancestors did before them. 
The photo was taken from a pre-historic campsite
on an old beach ridge marking an ancient shoreline. 
People here have lived in harmony with their surroundings for thousands of years. 
The question is, of course, for how much longer will they be able to do so?

Dr. John Tyman
I. Environment:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
II. Food Sources: 
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
III: Clothing/Shelter:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
IV. Family: 
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
V. Community:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

Text, photos and recordings by John Tyman
Intended for Educational Use Only.
Copyright Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford University, 2010.
Contact Dr. John Tyman for more information regarding licensing.

Photo processing, Web page layout, and formatting by
William Hillman | www.hillmanweb.com
Assistant Professor ~ Faculty of Education ~ Brandon University ~ Brandon, Manitoba ~ Canada