John Tyman's
CULTURES IN CONTEXT
Portal Seven : 
PERU 
THE INCAS AND PREHISTORIC CULTURES
www.johntyman.com/peru
Peru : The Incas and Prehistoric Cultures
CONTENTS

I: INTRODUCTION: 001-005

II. MOCHE CULTURE
  2.1: Political and Social Aspects: 006-012

  2.2: Works of Art and Craft: 013-025

  2.3: Religious Beliefs and Practices: 026-040

III. CHACHAPOYA CULTURE
3.1: Location: 041-048

  3-2: History: 049-053

  3.3: Art and Architecture: 054-056

  3.4: The Fortress at Kuelap: 057-076

  3.5: Funeral Practices: 077-086

  3.6: The Area Today: 087-091

IV. INCA CULTURE
  4.1: Historical Background: 092-098

  4.2: Agriculture and Environment: 099-112

  4.3: Inca Empire and Governance I: 113-124

  4.3a: Inca Empire and Governance II: 125-136

  4.4: Building Techniques: 137-142

  4.5: Cuzco: 143-155

  4.6: Pisac: 156-165

  4.7: Moray: 166-172

  4.8: Maras: 173-181

  4.9: Ollantaytambo: 182-198

  4.10: Machu Picchu: 199-220

V. POSTSCRIPT
5.1: Final 221-225

Foreword to Peru
The Incas and Prehistoric Cultures
In 2007 my wife and I travelled by 4WD (with a guide and a driver) throughout the greater part of Peru: and this unit is a product of the materials I collected then … some of them anyway! Though I did take thousands of photographs there were inevitable gaps in my coverage. Accordingly, I have had to use a variety of images from other sources under Creative Commons arrangements, particularly so in the case of the Moche. 

Where I have used photos taken by others I have acknowledged each one. I own no rights to such photos, whereas the rest, taken by myself, can be downloaded free of charge for non-commercial use.

In preparing the notes to accompany the text I have made much use of:

Guaman Poma; “New Chronicle and Good Government”, reflecting conditions in South America following the Spanish conquest. Printed in 2005 by Andean World, copyright CRC Productions, Cuzco. (Poma himself, who lived between 1535 and 1615, said of his work: “On reading this book, some will weep, some will laugh, some will commit it to God, others through fury will want to destroy it. A few will want to have it in their hands”.)

Justo Caceres Macedo, “Prehispanic Cultures of Peru”. Lima, 2007.

Rebecca Stone-Miller, “Art of the Andes”. London: Thames and Hudson. 1995 ISBN 0-500-20363-6.

Adriana von Hagen & Craig Morris, “The Cities of the Ancient Andes”. London: Thames and Hudson, 1998. ISBN 0-500-05086-4.

Federico Kaufmann Doig, “Ancestors of the Incas”. Printed in Peru by Serinsa, 2005 ISBN 9972-33-165-2.

Garcilaso Inca de la Vega, “The Royal Commentaries of the Inca”. New York: Harper Collins, 1964. ISBN 1-85902-397-4.

Association Amigos del Museo de Sipan, “Museo Tumbas Reales de Sipan” 2005 ISBN A guidebook to the museum. 


Cultures in Context Contents
JOHN TYMAN INTRODUCTION
ARCTIC | NEW GUINEA | AFRICA | NEPAL
SAHARA | BALI  | PERU


PERU CONTENTS


Text and photos by John Tyman
Intended for Educational Use Only.
Contact Dr. John Tyman at johntyman2@gmail.com
for information regarding public or commercial use.

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